UNESCO, Relax & Romance, Nature & Parks

Dowlat Abad Garden



Dowlat Abad Garden is one of the oldest and most famous Persian Gardens located in the historical city of Yazd, Iran. With a history dating back over 300 years, this garden is a true gem of Iranian architecture and horticulture, and a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Iran.

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History of Dowlat Abad Garden

The garden was built in the late 18th century by an affluent merchant named Abdul Hussain Khan, who wanted to create a peaceful retreat from the bustling city of Yazd. The garden was designed in the traditional Persian style, with a central pool surrounded by lush greenery, and was used for both relaxation and agricultural purposes.


Dowlat Abad Garden covers an area of over 40,000 square meters and boasts a range of stunning features, including fountains, streams, water channels, and intricate brickwork. The central pool is surrounded by lush trees and plants, providing a tranquil oasis in the heart of the garden. The focal point of the garden is a grand, 33-meter tall wind tower, which is one of the tallest in Iran and serves to cool the interior of the garden’s central building.

The central building of the garden is a two-story mansion, which houses a museum displaying a range of artifacts and paintings from the Qajar era. The museum provides insight into the history of the garden and the city of Yazd, as well as showcasing the rich cultural heritage of Iran.

Architecture of Dowlat Abad garden

The Dowlat Abad Garden in Yazd, Iran is known for its unique and intricate architecture. The garden is surrounded by high walls, which provide privacy and protect the greenery within. In the center of the garden stands a grand building, which is considered one of the tallest wind catchers in the world. This wind catcher serves as a natural air conditioning system for the building, drawing cool air into the living quarters below. The building also features an impressive central courtyard, with an octagonal pool in the center. On the roof, there is a large terrace, offering stunning views of the surrounding gardens and the city of Yazd. In addition to the main building, there are several smaller structures within the garden, including a bathhouse and a mosque. These structures are also built in traditional Iranian style, with intricate tile work and intricate designs adorning the walls and roofs. Overall, the Dowlat Abad Garden is a true example of traditional Persian garden and architecture, showcasing the incredible attention to detail and craftsmanship that was typical of this time period.

What is the significance of Dowlat Abad Garden in the history of Yazd?

The Dowlat Abad Garden is significant in the history of Yazd as it was built during the Zand dynasty and serves as a symbol of the prosperity and power of the ruling dynasty during that period. The garden is considered one of the largest and most well-kept historic gardens in Iran, and its unique architecture, including its tall wind tower, has made it a notable tourist attraction in Yazd. The garden is also an important example of traditional Persian garden design and reflects the sophisticated irrigation systems used in arid regions of Iran.

Attractions in Dolat Abad Garden

In addition to its stunning architecture and lush greenery, Dowlat Abad Garden is home to a range of fascinating attractions, including a celestial observatory, a historical bathhouse, and a tea house. Visitors can also admire the intricate brickwork and tilework throughout the garden, which are notable examples of traditional Persian design.


Yazd has a hot, arid climate, with temperatures often reaching over 40°C in the summer months. The best time to visit Dowlat Abad Garden is from late spring to early autumn, when the weather is mild and the garden is in full bloom.

Best Time to Visit

If you want to experience the garden at its best, the best time to visit is from late spring to early autumn, when the weather is mild and the garden is in full bloom. Visitors should also aim to visit during the cooler hours of the day, such as early morning or late afternoon, to avoid the heat of the day.

Some short facts about Dowlat Abad Garden

  • Dowlat Abad Garden is located in the city of Yazd, Iran.
  • It was built during the late 18th century by Karim Khan Zand.
  • The garden features a 33 meter tall wind tower, known as a “badgir,” which was used for air circulation and cooling.
  • The garden also includes a palace, a bathhouse, and a small pond.
  • Dowlat Abad Garden is considered one of the finest examples of traditional Persian gardens.
  • It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2017.
  • The garden serves as a popular tourist attraction, attracting visitors from all over the world.
  • It reflects the ancient Iranian beliefs in the symbolic meaning of water, plants, and shade as symbols of life, prosperity, and peace.
  • It is one of the largest and best-preserved Persian gardens in Iran
  • It is also known as the “Garden of the Eram,” referring to the Eram Palace that was built in the garden.
  • The garden features a central pool and several large trees, including cypress and plane trees, which provide shade and coolness in the hot climate of Yazd.


Dowlat Abad Garden is a true gem of Persian architecture and horticulture, and a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Iran. With its stunning features, rich history, and fascinating attractions, this garden is a perfect place to escape the hustle and bustle of the city and soak up the beauty of Iran.


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